Does Credit improve Nutritional Intake and Food Security in India?

Aditi Aditi, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Suryakant Yadav, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Food security is one of the biggest concerns in India where one-fourth of the population lives in extreme poverty. India's high economic growth has had less impact on the food security and nutrition levels of its population even after having a successful green revolution which is said to have solved a number of problems related to food in India. Prime agenda was to examine trends in consumption and nutrition pattern by rural and urban for 1993-94, 2004-05, 2009-10 and 2011-12 and exploring the demand and supply gap during the post-reform period and to examine the role of credit in ensuring food security in India between the years 2004-05 and 2011-12. NSS Consumption Expenditure Survey (CES) data for 2004-05, 2009-10 and 2011-12 and Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS), a panel survey data of both 2004-05 and 2011-12. We compiled production data for different food items from various ministries of Government of India (GOI). The per-capita calorie, protein, and fat intake increased from 2031 Kcal/day, 55 gm/day and 35 gm/day respectively in 2004-05 to 2103 Kcal/day, 57 gm/day and 42 gm/day respectively in 2011-12 with the increasing trends in per-capita monthly expenditure (PCME) from Rs. 559 to Rs. 1287 during reference period 2004-05 to 2011-12.

Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Policy evaluation, Inequality, Econometrics

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P6.