How does the presence of children moderate the differentiated economic participation of immigrants and natives in Quebec?

Solène Lardoux, Université de Montréal
Vissého Adjiwanou, Université Du Québec à Montréal

The paths of individuals unfold in contemporary societies that are increasingly multicultural and super-diversified. We aim for a better understanding of the trajectories of individual engagement through the study of the dimensions of participation (economic, linguistic, social and community) in societal life. How are certain dimensions of participation interrelated? We compare racialized immigrants, non-racialized immigrants and non-racialized natives using the same database, the TrajiPaq 2020 survey (Individual participation trajectories in Quebec) conducted among 1,563 respondents living in the province of Quebec. The results of descriptive and multivariate analyzes show that after 5 years of residence, the differences in economic integration between racialized and non-racialized persists to the disadvantage of the former, especially for women. While the presence of children increases the chances of being in paid employment for men, it decreases them for women. Men living with their children are more likely to be in paid employment than those without children, while the opposite is true for women. Results show differences across immigrant status and ethnicity. The identification of individual factors and links between life course domains should help politics to increase the participation and engagement of individuals from different groups in society.

Keywords: Migrant populations, Family demography, Life course analysis, Inequality

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P20.