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Poverty, Education and Human Capital in India: The Age Education Structure

Sayeed Unisa, international Institute for Population Sciences
Tejal Lakhan, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Neethu Naik

The demographic dividend is not only about the bulge of youth in total population but also the nation’s aptitude to equip its youth with the best possible assets, be it education or absorbing them in prolific employment. While planning for the economic growth for a country like India which is the living epitome of religious diversity, along with education, religion is an important population aspect to be considered. Hence using tools of multidimensional population dynamics the changing structures of educational attainment by age and sex has been constructed for Hindus and Muslims separately by retrieving the data from Census 2011 and National Family Health Survey 2015-16. Though Improvements have been made in educational attainment, a large proportion of the female population is still illiterate emphasizing the need for policy intervention for increasing education among females which result in improved human development outcomes, reduces poverty and potentially accelerates economic growth. The condition of Muslims is particularly bad with lower levels of improvements in educational attainment as compared to Hindu's putting them at the risk of getting employed in the unorganized sector thus impacting the future generation and getting trapped in the vicious cycle of poverty, unemployment, low education and poor health

Keywords: Census data, Age structure, Population size and growth/decline, Demography of religions

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 189. Population and Development: Human Capital Perspectives