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The Linkage between Living Arrangements, Social positioning (security), and Economic Condition with Physical and the Mental Health of the Elderly in India

Angad Singh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Dipti Govil, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Objective- We want to analyze the linkage between living arrangements, social positioning, and economic condition with the physical and mental health of the elderly in India, taking the potential socio-economic and demographic factors. Methods- The LASI wave-1 provides the national representative data on living arrangements, social positioning, and other vital indicators for the elderly 45 and above. We have used bivariate and multivariate analysis to access potential factors. Results- The total prevalence of ADL and IADL in India was 15.92% and 36.13%, respectively. The prevalence of ADL among men and women were (14.75%) and (16.76%) respectively. However, the prevalence of IADL among men and women were (28.35%) and (41.73%) respectively. The total prevalence of depression in India was 7.71 as measure according to the CIDI-SF score. The people who are living alone had higher chances of ADL, IADL, and depression. In the case of composite cognitive impairment, the total prevalence of cognitive impairment was 9.82%. Conclusion - Older adults age (75 and above) are more likely to have ADL and IADL. The elderly who are living with others are more likely to have ADL as well IADL. Despite that, they also are more likely to have cognitive impairment

Keywords: Older adults, Health and morbidity, Demographic and social surveys, Population ageing

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P12.