Labor market integration of immigrant mothers in Germany

Chia Liu, University of St. Andrews
Hill Kulu, University of St Andrews

Immigrant labor market integration in Germany requires close examination following a surge in refugee population in the recent years. This study focuses on the timing and level of labor force participation of female immigrants with young children in Germany by entry type and parity. Using retrospective and prospective work and birth history, we identify the level of labor force participation and the timing by which one enters the German labor market post-migration by the number of young children (5 years old or younger) born to the individual controlling for human capital. We focus on four immigrant groups: ethnic Germans, European immigrants, non-European immigrants, and those with refugee status. Using event history techniques, we model the probability of entrance into the labor market upon entering Germany controlling for education, previous work experience, and other social background indicators. Furthermore, we consider the competing risk of working part-time or full-time by migrant type and parity. Next, we look at the risks of exiting and re-entering the labor market. This work serves to illuminate the relationship between family and work for those of immigrant background and inform policymakers of possible family-related obstacles to labor market integration, particularly for women.

Keywords: Fertility and childbirth, Human capital and labour markets, International migration, Event history analysis

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 74. Labour Market Position and Economic Effects of Migration