Socio-economic differentials in the effect of formal childcare availability on the timing and level of fertility: Spain 1994-2015

Pau Baizan-Munoz, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and ICREA

This paper assesses the effect of the expansion in formal childcare availability on fertility in Spain during the period 1994-2015 focusing on its differential impact by women’s level of education. I use fertility histories derived from the Spanish samples of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EUSILC) for the years 2016, 2012 and 2008, and regional level data on childcare enrolment rate, women’s labor force participation and unemployment. The results of the event history analyses show a substantial effect of the availability of childcare on both the timing and the parity progression ratios for first and second births. The impact of childcare is considerably higher for the better educated women.

Keywords: Fertility and childbirth, Multi-level modeling, Policy evaluation, Inequality

See paper.

  Presented in Session P13.