Aging the crisis of care: the domestic work and care by and for elderly in Brazil

Bruna Garcia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Glaucia Santos Marcondes, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

With the increase in the proportion of the elderly population requiring care in Brazil, it is necessary to think about how this care currently happens. Changes in the family profile and increased female participation in the labor market result in a reduction of family caregiver’s supply. In addition, with changes in family arrangements, nuptial patterns, and fertility below replacement level, there is a weakening of informal care systems. In the absence of a welfare state, care still falls mainly within the family and is strongly affected by gender relations. However, the aging of the Brazilian population has not been accompanied by changes in the sexual division of labor, with care work being mostly female (CAMARANO, 2014; GIACOMIN et al., 2018; FENG, 2019). Thus, it is necessary to understand how unpaid domestic work is performed by and for older people in Brazil. To do so, we will use data from the National Continuous Household Sample Survey for the year 2019, calculating the average weekly time devoted to housework and caregiving, as well as the rates of carrying them out, disaggregating the results by gender and age groups.

Keywords: Population ageing, Time use surveys, Gender, Family demography

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P12.