Characterizing environmental migrants in Central America's Northern Triangle regional migration flows.

Susana Beatriz Adamo, CIESIN-Columbia University
Diego Pons, Colorado State University
Ángel G. Muñoz, IRI-Columbia University
Carmen González Romero, IRI-Columbia University

Migration patterns in the Northern Triangle (magnitude and composition of the flows, trends over time and space) are strongly associated with economic and conflict factors but the complex web of drivers also include the direct and indirect impacts of climate events (such as heat waves, droughts, hurricanes, flooding). Using data from a special module on environmental migration from the EMIF Sur 2019, this paper explores the characteristics of environmental migrants from Central America’s Northern Triangle to Mexico and the United States, and their contribution to shaping the composition of migration flows. The descriptive analysis includes three steps: identifying environmental migrants in the sample, determining their socio-demographic characteristics, and establishing their geographic profile. In order to assess the contribution of environmental migrants to shape the composition of regional flows, the analysis also includes looking for differences and similarities between environmental and other-migrants.

Keywords: International migration, Migrant populations

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 103. Human Mobility and the Environment