Marriage Migration in India: The Enlargement of Marriage Markets in the Era of Declining Sex Ratios.

Enu Anand, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

The present paper quantitatively examines marriage market trends and inter-state spatial patterns of marriage migration using migration data from 1991, 2001, and 2011 census of India. The major purpose of the paper was to understand the role of the sex-ratio in interstate female marriage migration in India. It estimated models based on the modified gravity approach and found the inter-state marriage migration flows have increased over time in size and became more unidirectional and concentrated to specific states. Almost 90 percent of female internal migration is due to the reason of marriage. Modeling results highlighted the role of the state’s sex ratios, population, and distance, in explaining long-distance marriage migration flows. The model significantly explains that poor sex ratio states are pulling female marriage migrants from other states with balanced sex ratios. This is the first attempt to understand female migration under the purview of sex ratio in India using gravity models. Models based on the gravity approach (Spatial interaction models) are increasingly relevant in migration research in India. This empirical analysis of the paper has demonstrated that gravity models are indeed relevant and effective tools for describing and explaining marriage migration flows.

Keywords: Migrant populations, Census data, Internal migration, Multiregional demography

See paper.

  Presented in Session 45. Migration: Diversity of contexts