Administrative Processing Time of Asylum Procedure in Belgium, 1999-2014

Wanli Nie, UCLouvain
Mireille Le Guen, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques
Louise Caron, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)
Bruno D. Schoumaker, Universite catholique de Louvain (UCL)

The length of administrative processing time, which is time from application to the first decision made by the immigration authority has received little attention as a contributor to the asylum seeking outcome. This paper takes an opportunity of exploring the National Register data of Belgium during 1999-2014 which provides detailed information on the exact date of changes in the administrative procedure. The aim is to describe the characteristics of three periods with different trends of average number of days until getting the first decision from the immigration office. Preliminary results show that the main source of asylum seekers shifted from those originated from Europe to regions as West Asia, South Asia and West Africa. Type of first decisions also changed across time: rejection rate and proportion of granting temporary stay dropped, while proportion of being granted refugee or subsidiary protection increased. The first two types of decision takes on average 115 and 75 days, while it takes around 270 days to have a decision of refugee and subsidiary protection. The shorter processing time per application during the early 2000s might be related to higher rejection rate and granting a temporary stay.

Keywords: Refugees, International migration, Life event calendar analysis, Qualitative data/methods/approaches

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 148. Refugees, Policies and Public Opinion