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Attitudes toward Marriage among Afghan Youths: Socio-demographic and Cultural Determinants

Rasoul Sadeghi, Tehran University
Victor Agadjanian, University of California, Los Angeles

The institution of marriage is central to Afghanistan's social life, but in the context of profound socio-economic and political changes, social media proliferation, and increased international exposure in recent decades, marriage attitudes of young people are changing. In this study, we investigate the association of socio-demographic and cultural factors with Afghan youth’s attitudes toward marriage. The data come from a survey of 1350 unmarried people aged 15-34 conducted in ten cities of Afghanistan in 2017. The preliminary results indicate that attitudes toward marriage are significantly associated with gender role attitudes, religiosity, premarital sexual attitudes, social media exposure, international migration experience, gender, education, and ethnicity, net of other factors. At the same time, marriage attitudes do not vary by family socio-economic status or age. These results will be situated with the processes of transformation of marriage and family systems in Afghanistan and similar contexts.

Keywords: Family demography, Children and youth, Cultural and linguistic demography, Gender

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 161. Family Systems, Kinship and Marriage Timing