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Fertility differentials from rural/urban migration in Brazil: an analysis using cohort fertility

Camila Soares, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Everton E. C. Lima, IFCH - UNICAMP
Rosana Baeninger, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)

Compared to developed regions of the world, the Demographic Transition in Brazil occurred rapidly, first characterized by the decline of the mortality rate, and then followed by the reduction of fertility. Despite being well documented, there are still some gaps to be explored concerning the reasons behind this fertility decline, especially the relationship between internal migration and fertility. This study aims to analyze fertility's differentials according to the migration status of women over the age of 35 years old. Using data of the Demographic Censuses from 1970, 1980 e 1991, we reconstruct cohort fertility over a period before the Demographic Transition started. The aim is to analyze the relationship between migration status and cohort fertility levels. Results indicate expressive cohort fertility's differentials among migrant’s categories, indicating that the countries internal migration process played an important role in determine the past levels of fertility. The effects of communication and learning process carried out by migration flows may explain these cohort fertility differentials.

Keywords: Fertility and childbirth, Internal migration

See paper.

  Presented in Session 91. Social Differences and Fertility