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Interaction of physical activity on the association of obesity-related measures with multi-morbidity among older adults: A population-based cross-sectional study in India

Shobhit Srivastava, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

The present study explores the associations between obesity-related measures and multi-morbidity among older Indian adults and the interactive effects of physical activity in those associations. The present study uses the data from the Longitudinal Aging Study in India conducted during 2017-18. The effective sample size included individuals aged 60 years and above. Descriptive, bivariate, and binary logistic regression analysis was used to fulfill the study objectives. About 24% of older adults in the LASI cohort suffered from multi-morbidity. The older adults who were overweight/obese [AOR: 1.61, CI: 1.48-1.74], had high-risk waist circumference [AOR: 1.66, CI: 1.52-1.80] and the high-risk waist-hip ratio [AOR: 1.45, CI: 1.33-1.59] were significantly more likely to suffer from multi-morbidity compared to their counterparts. The older adults who were obese and physically inactive had significantly increased odds of suffering from multi-morbidity compared to older adults who were obese and physically active. Similarly, older adults with high-risk waist circumference [AOR: 1.30, CI: 1.11-1.53] and the high-risk waist-hip ratio [AOR: 1.32, CI: 1.20-1.46] along with being physically inactive had significantly higher odds of suffering from multimorbidity in comparison to older adults with high-risk waist circumference and waist-hip ratio along with being physically active.

Keywords: Older adults, Population ageing, Health and morbidity, Methodology

See paper.

  Presented in Session 140. Profiles and Patterns of Chronic Multimorbidity