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Where are the Spaniards moving after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Miguel González-Leonardo, Centre d´Estudis Demogràfics
Antonio Lopez-Gay, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics (CED), Universitat de Barcelona

Following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, governments implemented restrictive measures to contain the spread of the virus, which led to a decrease in the intensity of internal and international migration. However, it is still unclear how residential mobility patterns have changed between cities, suburban areas and rural municipalities. It has been suggested that suburban and rural areas have become more attractive, but the lack of available data so far has not permitted this to be confirmed. The purpose of this research is to analyze the impact of the pandemic on the residential behavior of the Spanish population. To do so, we rely on two sources of data. First, registers of residential movements that enable us to explore the spatial patterns of residential mobility and the demographic profile of the population who moved. Second, registers of housing transactions that allow us to the analyze the variation in the number of real estate transactions. Preliminary results confirm an increase in the attractiveness of rural areas during 2020, especially the small villages located close to urban areas, and a slight increase in suburban municipalities.

Keywords: COVID-19, Population geography, Internal migration, Urbanization and urban populations

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 180. Migration in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic