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Partnership, fertility, and employment trajectories of immigrants in the UK: A three-channel sequence analysis

Julia Mikolai, University of St Andrews
Hill Kulu, University of St Andrews

Partnerships, childbearing, and employment are three important and interrelated dimensions of immigrants’ lives indicative of their integration. Most previous studies have examined these life domains separately. We investigate how partnership, fertility, and employment changes interact in the lives of migrants. We use data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study and apply multi-channel sequence analysis, cluster analysis, and multinomial logistic regression to establish the main types of joint trajectories of partnership, fertility, and employment among immigrants in the UK during the first five years after migration. We find three types of joint trajectories. Immigrants in the first group arrive as and remain single and childless and are either in education, or part-time employment. The second group consists of mainly full-time employed immigrants who arrived as single and childless but later became partnered and parents. The third group represents family migration; individuals in this group arrived as married and most of them also already had children. Individuals in this group tend to be employed or inactive. We compare the propensity of immigrants from different origin countries to experience these trajectories whilst controlling for socio-economic and demographic characteristics.

Keywords: International migration, Family demography, Life course analysis, Human capital and labour markets

See paper.

  Presented in Session 74. Labour Market Position and Economic Effects of Migration