Socio-Demographic Determinants of Non-Communicable Diseases in Assam, India

Aakanksha Agarwala, Gauhati University

Located to the south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys, Assam is the gateway to north east India. Covering an area of 78,438 km2, the state is inhabited by a multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-religious society. In the present study we intend to throw some light on the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in this most important state of north-east. The main objective was to examine the effect of socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle behavior, household status and contextual characteristics among adults (aged 30 and above) of Assam. We used data from Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS II). Logistic regression was applied to attain the study objective. Age and gender; education, smokeless tobacco consumption were found to significantly associated with the presence of NCDs. A lot of research has been carried out to understand the prevalence of NCD in India, but the affect of various factors remains somewhat unexplained at the state level. There is need of more in depth studies to solve the ever growing burden of NCDs at the state level. The present study and its findings could be effectively utilized to consider conducting similar studies for other Indian states as well. Keywords: NCD, logistic regression

Keywords: Age structure, Gender

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P6.