Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its associated risk factors among older adults in India: evidence from LASI Wave 1

Jhumki kundu, Interernational Institute For Population Sciences,Mumbai
K. S. James, International Institute for Population Sciences

With the turn of the century, CVDs have become the leading cause of mortality in India. Therefore, the study aimed to investigate the prevalence of CVDs and its associated risk factors among older adults in India. The current study used data from the LASI, Wave 1. Binary Logistic regression was carried out between CVD and its associated risk factors like Sex, place of residence, age, physical activity, family history of CVD, Diabetes/blood sugar, and high cholesterol. P < 0.05 from two-sided statistical tests was regarded statistically significant. The study indicated that CVDs tended to increase with age. Elderly women were more likely to have CVDs than men. The place of residence also had a stronger association with CVDs. In addition, high cholesterol, diabetes, and physical inactivity were key risk factors for CVDs. The study also indicated that Family history was associated with a greater perceived risk for CVDs. The greater prevalence of CVDs risk factors among older adults manifested alarming public health concerns and a future health demand. It creates a threat if health promotion and awareness programs are not well designed. Keywords CVDs, Risk factors, Elderly, India

Keywords: Health and morbidity, Mortality, Older adults, Longitudinal studies

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  Presented in Session 94. Exploring hypotheses of Nutritional Status and Non-communicable Diseases