The Effect of Elimination of Selected Causes of Death on Life Expectancy in India

Arun Jose, University of Kerala
Mohanachandran P. Nair, University of Kerala

The study of the effect of elimination of causes of death is helpful for the Government to create appropriate policies and programs. In this study, potential gain in life expectancy (PGLE) is used to quantify the effect of elimination of selected causes of death in India. The PGLE for both sexes is calculated after eliminating six major causes of death among Indian population. Data from the Sample Registration System (SRS) for the period 2010-2013 is used for this study. Cause elimination life tables for each cause is constructed based on multiple decrement life table technique. The potential gain in life expectancy at the time of birth due to the elimination of communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutrition-related diseases (CMPN) is 4.9 years. The respective gains for cardiovascular diseases (CVR), respiratory diseases, malignant neoplasms, injuries, and others are 5.1 years, 2.9 years, 0.9 years, 1.1 years, and 8.7 years. The result shows that India's major causes of death are shifted from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases. From the results of the study, it is recommended that the authorities should priorities the diseases which leads to more death for elimination/ control.

Keywords: Longevity, Mortality, Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS)

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session P6.