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Female Labor Force Participation and Care of Children in Coastal New Jersey

Katerine Ramirez, Monmouth University
James Allan, Monmouth University
Geoffrey Fouad, Monmouth University

This research focuses on factors affecting female labor force participation in New Jersey’s coast, specifically, transaction costs associated with childcare. By transaction costs we mean opportunity cost of time associated with commuting and accessibility to areas suitable for childcare. We define these areas as childcare facilities, parks, recreation centers, and playgrounds. The motivation is the proximity for two major metropolitan areas, and labor markets, yet there seem to be difficulties to access them, especially for women. The research question is: Do commute times from daycare facilities affect labor force participation and job choices of women, and do they differ to their partners’, by marital status, or by number and age distribution of children? To answer this question, we use census tract data collected by the United States Census Bureau and New Jersey local agencies. Variables of interest are employment status, and facilities location. Control variables include residential amenities and transportation characteristics. Methods are statistical analysis, including spatial regressions to account for the possibility of clusters and spatial patterns

Keywords: Human capital and labour markets, Spatial analysis/regression, Census data, Children and youth

See extended abstract.

  Presented in Session 197. Spatial Networks, Clusters and Accessibility