An Assessment of Anthropometric Indices and Its Association with NCDs among the Older Adults of India: Evidence from LASI Wave-1

Mahadev Bramhankar, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Mohit Pandey, international Institute for Population Sciences
Gursimran Rana
Balram Rai, IIPS, Mumbai
Nand Mishra, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Anandi Shukla, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the status of physical body indices such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) among the older adults aged 45 and above in India and to explore the association with selected non-communicable morbidities. Design: Secondary data used of the LASI-Wave-1 (2017-18). Measurements: BMI, WC and WHR calculation and categorisation has been done as per WHO criteria. Self-reported diseases included are cancer, hypertension, stroke, heart diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and multi-morbidity. Multiple logistic regressions used to assess the association BMI, WC, and WHR with non-communicable morbidities. Results: Based on the multivariate-adjusted model, odds shows that an Indian older adult aged 45 and above is 133% more likely (AOR: 2.33; 95%CI(2.2, 2.5)) by Obesity, 61% more likely (AOR: 1.61; 95%CI(1.629, 1.631)) by high-risk-WHR and 98% more likely (AOR: 1.98; 95%CI(1.9, 2.1)) by high-risk-WC to develop CVDs than their normal counterparts. Similarly, significant positive associations of Obesity, high-risk WC, and high-risk WHR were observed with other NCDs and multi-morbidity. Conclusion: Our study shows that Obesity, high-risk WC, and high-risk WHR are significant and substantial risks for developing other NCDs and multi-morbidity among the older adults in India.

Keywords: Health and morbidity, Older adults, Population ageing, Demographic and social surveys

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  Presented in Session 94. Exploring hypotheses of Nutritional Status and Non-communicable Diseases