Territorial attractiveness consequences of COVID-19 restrictive measures in Benin: the case of the implementation of the « Sanitary Cord » measure

Sam Agbahoungba, CREG - LAREG
Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
Camille Guidime, Laboratoire de Recherche en Economie et Gestion (LAREG)
Jean Baptiste Oga, Laboratoire de Recherche en Economie et Gestion (LAREG)
Mamadou Bousso, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Finance Appliquées de Thiès (CREFAT)

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the effects of the response measures against COVID-19 on the migration dynamics and local attractiveness of some regions included in the cordon sanitaire in Benin. The methodological approaches used are based on the one hand, on the monitoring of the movement of individuals into and out of an area and, on the other hand, on the calculation of the synthetic index of networks and territories. The data comes mainly from the "Movement Range Maps" developed by Facebook Data for Good and from national and administrative databases. The results show that the implementation of the cordon sanitaire has significant effects on the movement of people, leading to a decrease in migration flows in the areas concerned compared to the reference period. In addition, this limitation of inter-and intra-zone movement has negatively affected the attractiveness of the cordon sanitaire zones. In terms of policy implications, it is therefore urgent that the authorities consider the specific effects of the response measures on these areas in the development of recovery plans to maintain and boost the development of the local economy

Keywords: COVID-19, Internal migration, Population geography, Demographic dividend and economic development

See paper.

  Presented in Session 180. Migration in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic