Family Planning Performance in India Using a New Composite Performance Index

Aalok Chaurasia, Shyam Institute

This paper analyses family planning performance in India on the basis of a new composite performance index that takes into account the met demand for family planning and the composition of the met demand. The analysis suggests that family planning performance in the country remains poor, although, it has improved over time. The analysis also reveals significant variation in family planning performance across India’s states/Union Territories and districts. The classification modelling exercise reveals that districts in India can be grouped into eight clusters in terms of family planning performance and both met demand for family planning and the composition of the met demand are essentially different in different clusters. The paper emphasises that family planning in the country must be promoted as a development strategy rather than an intervention to limit births.

Keywords: Family planning and contraception, Inequality, Spatial dependence/heterogeneity, Spatial statistics

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  Presented in Session 6. Demand and Unmet Need for Contraception